What is Shallow And Deep Foundation ?

What is Shallow And Deep Foundation?

Shallow Foundation

ØShallow foundations are constructed where soil layer at shallow depth (up to 1.5m) is able to support the structural loads. The depth of shallow foundations is generally less than its width.

Deep Foundation
ØDeep Foundation is employed where the soil immediately below the structure within reasonable depth is not capable of supporting the load of the building.
Ø Hence the structure has to be rested on strata at a greater depth. The function of the deep foundation is to transmit the load of the building to firm layers deep inside the ground.
ØThe depth of deep foundations is generally greater than its width.

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