WHAT IS CULVERT, 5- TYPE OF CULVERT (2024)

In This Article We Are Going To Cover

  1. What Is Culvert?
  2. Types Of Culvert
  3. Location Of Culvert
  4. Materials Used For Culvert

What Is Culvert?

Culvert Is A Tunnel Structures And Constructed Under Roadways Or Railways.

To Provide Cross Drainage Or To Take Electrical Or Other Cables From One Side To Other.

Culvert System Which Totally Enclosed By Soil Or Ground.

Materials For Culvert Construction

Culverts Are Like Pipes But Very Large In Size.

Culverts Are Made-up Of Many Materials Like,

(Concrete, Steel, Plastic, Aluminum Etc.)

In Most Of Cases Concrete Culvert Are Preferred.

Concrete Culverts Are May Be Reinforced Or Non-Reinforced.

In Some Cases Culverts Are Constructed In Site Called Cast In-Situ Culverts.

Pre-Cast Culverts Are Also Available.

Location Of Culverts

The Location Of Culverts Should Be Based On Economy And Usage.

Generally It Is Recommended That The Provision Of Culvert Under Roadway Or Railway Are Economical.

There Is No Need To Construct Separate Embankment Or Anything For Providing Culverts.

The Provided Culverts Should Be Perpendicular To The Roadway.

It Should Be Of Grater Dimensions To Allow Maximum Water Level And Should Be Located In Such Way That Flow Should Be Easily Done.

Types Of Culverts

Following Are The Type Of Culverts

  1. Pipe Culvert
  2. Box Culvert
  3. Bridge Culvert
  4. Pipe Arch
  5. Arch Culvert

Pipe Culvert:-

Pipe Culverts Are Widely Used Culverts And Rounded In Shape.

The Culverts May Be Single In Number Or Multiple.

If Single Pipe Culvert Is Used Then Larger Diameter Culvert Is Installed.

If The Width Of Channel Is Greater Than We Will Go For Multiple Pipe Culverts.

They Are Suitable For Larger Flows Very Well.

The Diameter Of Pipe Culverts Range From 1 Meter To 6 M.

These Are Made Of Concrete Or Steel Etc.

Pipe Arch Culvert:-

A Pipe Arch Culvert Means Nothing But They Looks Like Half Circle Shaped Culverts.

Pipe Arch Culverts Are Suitable For Larger Water Flows But The Flow Should Be Stable.

Because Of Arch Shape Fishes Or Sewage In The Drainage Easily Carried To The Outlet Without Stocking At The Inlet Or Bottom Of Channel.

This Type Of Culverts Can Also Be Provided In Multiple Numbers Based On The Requirement.

Box Culvert:-

Box Culvert Are In Rectangular Shape And Generally Constructed By Concrete Reinforcement Is Also Provided In The Construction Of Box Culvert.

These Are Used To Dispose Rain Water.

So, These Are Not Useful In The Dry Period.

Arch Culvert:-

Arch Culvert Is Similar To Pipe Arch Culvert But In This Case An Artificial Floor Is Provided Below The Arch.

For Narrow Passages It Is Widely Used.

The Artificial Floor Is Made Of Concrete And Arch Also Made Of Concrete.

Steel Arch Culvert Are Also Available But Very Expensive.

Bridge Culvert:-

Bridge Culverts Are Provided On Canals Or Rivers And Also Used As Road Bridges For Vehicles.

For This Culverts A Foundation Is Laid Under The Ground Surface.

Generally These Are Rectangular Shaped Culverts.

This Type Can Replace Box Culverts If Artificial Floor Is Not Necessary.

Thank You For Visiting

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