In This Article We Cover Various Type And Sub-Types Of Staircase.


Set Of Steps Leading From One Floor Of A Building To Another Floor Know Staircase.

Room Or Enclosure Of The Building, Which Stair Is Located Knows As Staircase.

The Opening Or Space Occupied By The Stair Known As Stairway.

let Us Discuss Types Of Stairs Briefly,

NOTE- To Understand All Types And Sub-Types Of Staircase You Guys Should Know About Elements Of Staircase And Their Function


  • Straight Stairs
  • Turning Stairs
  • Continuous Stairs

Basically Above Three Are Main Types Of Stairs Which Are Further Classified, Let Us See One By One.


Generally For Small Houses, Available Width Is Very Retractable.

So, This Types Of Straight Stairs commonly Used In Such Conditions Which Runs Straight Between Two Floors.

This Stair May Consist Of Either One Single Flight Or More Than One Flight With Landing.


Turning Stairs Are Classified In Four Types,

  1. Quarter Turn Stairs
  2. Half Turn Stairs
  3. Bifurcated Stairs
  4. Three Quarter Turn Stairs


In These Types Of Stairs Flight Of Stair Turns 90 Degree At Landing, As It Rises To Connect Different Levels.

So, It Also Called As L-Stair

Again Quarter Turn Stairs Classified In Two Types,

1) Newel Quarter Turn Stairs:-

These Type Of Stairs Have Clearly Visible Newel Posts At The Beginning Of Flight As Well As At The End.

2) Geometrical Quarter Turn Stairs:-

In Geometrical Stairs, Stringer As Well As Handrail Is Continuous Without Any Newel Post At The Landing Area.


In Case Of Half Stairs Direction Reversed Or Changed For 180 D.

1) Dog-Legged Stairs:-

Because Of Appearance In Sectional Elevation This Name Is Given.

It Comes Under The Category Of Newel Stairs In Which Newel Posts Are Provided At The Beginning And End Of Each Flight.

2) Open Newel Half Turn Stairs:-

In This Type Of Open Newel Half Turn Stairs, Stair Has A Space Or Well between The Outer Strings.

3) Geometrical Half Turn Stairs:-

In Case Of Geometrical Half Turn Stairs The Stringers And Hand Rails Are Continuous, Without Any Intervening Newel Post.

These Stairs May Contains Either With Half Space Landing Or Without Landing.


The Direction Of Stairs Changed Three Times With Upper Flight, Crossing The Bottom One In The Case Of Three Quarter turn Stairs.

These Stairs Are May Either Be Newel Or Open Newel Type.

This Type Stairs Are Generally Used When The Vertical Distance Between Two Floors Is More And As Well As Length Of Stair Room Limited.


Bifurcated Stairs Are Commonly Used In Public Building At Their Entrance Hall.

This Has A Winder Flight At The Bottom, Which Bifurcated Into Two Narrower Flights, One Turning To The Left And Other To The Right At Landing.

It May Be Either Of Newel Type With A Newel Post Or Geometrical Type With Continuous Strings And Hand Rails.


This Type Of Stairs Neither Have Landing Nor Have Intermediate Newel Post, They Are Geometrical In Shape.

  1. Circular Stairs
  2. Spiral Stairs
  3. Helical Stairs

Circular Stairs Or Spiral Stairs Are Usually Made Either Of R.C.C Or Metal, And Is Placed At Location Where There Are Space Limitations.

Sometimes These Also Used For Emergency Stairs Which Provided At The Back Of Building.

These Are Not Comfortable Because Of All Steps Are Winder And Provided Discomfort.

Talking About Helical Stairs, They Looks Very Fine But Structural Design And Construction Is Very Complicated.

And It Made Of R.C.C In Which A Large Portion Of Steel Is Required To Resist Bending, Shear And Torsion.

Thank You For Visiting

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