In This Article We Covers Various Types Of Buildings One By One.
According National Building code of India, 1970 the buildings on the basis of occupancy are classified into following
GROUP A: RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
All those buildings in which sleeping accommodation is provided for residing permanently or temporary with or without looking or
dinning or both facilities are termed as residential building.
Ex: Apartments, Flats, Bungalows, Dormitories, private houses, Hotels, Hostels, Cottages, Hole day camps, clubs, hotels, Inns etc
These buildings further subdivided into 5 groups
- A1 – Lodging Houses
- A2 – Family Private Dwellings
- A3 – Dormitories
- A4 – Flats
- A5 – Hotels
GROUP B: EDUCATIONAL BUILDINGS
All those buildings which meant for education from nursery to university included in this group
Ex: schools, colleges, universities, training institutes etc
GROUP C: INSTITUTIONAL BUILDINGS
This group includes any building or part thereof, which used for the purposes such as medical, health, recovering health after illness, physical or mental diseases, care of infants or aged persons, panel detention etc.
These buildings normally provide sleeping accommodation for the occupants.
GROUP D: ASSEMBLY BUILDINGS
This group includes any building or part or a building where groups of people assemble or gather for amusement; recreation, social,
religious, patriotic or similar purpose for example theatres, cinema halls, museums, gymnasiums, restaurants, places of worship, dance
halls, club rooms, passenger stations, public transportation services, open air theatres, swimming pools etc.
GROUP E: BUSINESS BUILDINGS
This group includes any building or part or a building which used for purposes such as transaction of business, keeping of accounts and records etc; dispensaries and clinics, banks, city halls, court halls, libraries etc.
GROUP F: MERCANTILE BUILDINGS
This group includes any building or part of a building which used for shops, stores, market, for safe and display of products or waves
either whole sale or retail.
GROUP G: INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS
This group includes any building or part of a building or structure in which product of different kinds and properties are fabricated,
assembled or processed. For example, laboratories, assembly plants, laundries, gas plants, power plants, refineries, diaries etc.
GROUP H: STORAGE BUILDINGS
This group includes those building structures which are primarily used for the storage structures which are primarily used for the storage or sheltering of goods, waves or merchandise vehicles or animals, for example warehouses, cold storages, freight depots, store
houses, transit sheds, truck terminals, garages etc.
GROUP J: HAZARDOUS BUILDINGS
This group includes those building structures which are used for the storage, handling, manufacture or processing of materials which are
liable to burn with extreme rapidity and prove hazards to health; building or building contents.
Hazards may be due to fire; poisonous fumes or gases, explosions, ignitions etc from materials subjected to various operations. Buildings used for storage of gases under high pressure or for storage and handling of highly flammable liquids or explosives, fireworks etc are included in this group.
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